The and adopter Uncle Abe or Father
The Emancipator refers to those people who majorly participated in the declaration and enacting the Emancipation Proclamation which played a role in bringing slavery in the United state to an end. The pioneer and drafter of the Emancipation were Abraham Lincoln. He, however, declared that the Emancipation Proclamation would operate towards fulfilling the enactment in both the southern and northern states. Therefore Lincoln is considered as the most influential president in America. Lincoln’s’ achievement made him have various names and titles after his death. Lincoln was an honest person and president hence he was nicknamed Honest Abe and later took the name Abraham Rail-splitter during presidential campaign on Republican ticket and adopter Uncle Abe or Father Abraham as the president. Hence I will honestly agree that Abraham is considered as “The Great Emancipator.”
Prior to Lincoln becoming the U.S president he had already condemned slavery in the public sphere. In 1854 Lincoln stated the following as an abolitionist of slavery. “This declared indifference, but as I must think, real covert zeal for the spread of slavery, I cannot but hate. I hate it because of the monstrous injustice of slavery itself.” He was more desired to promote equality, and this could only happen in the authorities and powers operated on making people feel free rather than being slaves. He was aware that the U.S constitution would grant freedom to the slaves since it was part of the clauses which is stated in the U.S Constitution following the democratic strategies. Hence it was at this time around 1862 that Lincoln made a declaration on the Emancipation Proclamation would work best. Therefore the Emancipation Proclamation was later enacted in January 1863 (Guelzo, 2016)
Lincoln made a proposal to all the states on whether they would allow the practice of slavery in their states. Furthermore, he asked the Congress to provide compensation to the slaveholders. According to Norton et al. (2014), he suggests that Lincoln was pushing for gradual emancipation and later on colonization. Lincoln ideology with the emancipated slaves was to be colonization; therefore, liberation was inevitable to these slaves. The first part of the proclamation was declared in September in 1862 by Abraham Lincoln. He further stated that in January 1863 every slave within any rebellion state would be emancipated. Being that the South’s economy depended intensely on slavery, Lincoln had little hope for the south to surrender their exertion, yet with the Emancipation Proclamation, freedom was placed into the hands of four million southern slaves by President Lincoln.
The realistic consideration which paved way for the Emancipation Proclamation is the realization that was made by Lincoln in attempt to restore Union. It was difficult to restore Union if the practice of slavery was still in play. Nonetheless, a lot of political pressure was arising from all sides, for instance, African American leaders as well as the whole Union that was operating independently. Additionally President Lincoln was also under pressure from the independent Unions and Radical Republicans who were against slavery and were advocating for its abolition as soon as possible. The practice of slavery was really affecting people’s live especially the African Americans and others who were not of the white race. The most significant pressure was coming from the pro-slavery Unionists who were not in support of the Emancipation Proclamation. Despite all these pressure, Lincoln continued with the Emancipation Proclamation (Guelzo, 2016).
The thirteenth amendment came after the ending of civil war which was between the southern and northern America. His proposal was to make slavery unconstitutional unless otherwise, it was punishment for crime. The amendment was a strong suggestion that was employed by Lincoln to seek for re-election as the president of the Republican Party. Therefore Emancipation Proclamation was viewed to be favoring slavery. Hence it was hindering those states like Great Britain and France which were anti-slavery and developed some friendship with the Confederacy to intervene on the behalf of the South (Norton et al., 2014). Moreover, the proclamation acted as unifying and strengthening factor to Lincoln’s Republican Party to stay in power for another two terms. The proclamation was more of a presidential order and not a law that has gone through the Congress for debate. Lincoln further pushed for antislavery amended in the U.S Constitution for permanence.
As the American president, Lincoln was obligated to act within the constitutional thresholds. The Emancipation Proclamation was breaking those boundaries put in place by the constitution. According Lincoln held strongly to the Emancipation since he was the only person who could understand it and additionally could act beyond restrictions put in place by the constitution and walk away with it without any victimization or being opposed. The proclamation was not supporting the provisions stated by the constitution that aimed at protecting slave owners properties. Lincoln, therefore, realized it was within his powers to protect and save persons who were enslaved even though it was against the then constitution (Pederson, 2015).
Lincoln was against the Mexican war this is evident after his election as the 16th president where he stood in the Congress to condemn against this war. His goal was to push for economic opportunity and political equality while advocating for the abolition of slavery as Mexican did early in 1829. Lincoln, however, hated slavery since he came from a poor where he did not like the practice of slavery. Therefore his family played a significant role in influencing him against slavery. Additionally, Lincoln had the belief that man would work harder towards economic development as a free man rather than a slave since free labor is full of inspiration of hope (Kurtz, 2015).
Nonetheless, Lincoln recruited several black men as soldiers since around 1861 the Negroes who went to offer their services to the Union army they were rejected and not given equal opportunities as Native Americans. He believed that the blacks could defend themselves better if given weapons during the time of American Civil War and it was also a sign of abolishing slavery (Du Bois, 2017). In his statement about all men are created equal exhaustively explains his position about citizens and immigrants. Lincoln believed that all men are equal even if they are from Europe, French, Irish or Scandinavians. These people might not have their ancestry from the American history, but spiritually they are equal to the Native Americans on the grounds that they share the same Declaration of independence (White, 2016).
In conclusion, Lincoln stood firm with the ideology that slavery was wrong in the political forums with all the pressure that was coming from all sectors. If it was not for him with the standards that he set on ending slavery then it would have been so difficult to end this inhumane practice. Lincoln, therefore, ought to have the credit of “The Great Emancipator” following the draft of the Emancipation Proclamation despite the pressure.