The Congo Basin, also known as the Zaire Basin, is the largest basin in Africa and belongs to the world’s top ten basins. The Congo Basin is located in central Africa and covers an area of about 3.37 million square kilometers. The equator runs through it. The Congo Basin is rich in natural resources, with more than 10,000 species in the area, one third of which is unique to the Congo Basin. There are also about 400 species of mammals, 1,000 species of birds and 700 species of fish.
The Congo Basin has the second largest tropical rainforest in the world, the Congo Basin, which is second only to the Amazon Basin. It is home to an extremely rich species and is known as one of the largest gene banks in the Earth. At the same time, the tropical rainforests of the Congo Basin are known as the “second lung of the earth”.
The Congo Basin was originally an inland lake. Due to the crustal uplift and the leakage of lake water, a typical large basin was formed, consisting of ancient metamorphic granite, gneiss, schist, quartzite and other rock formations. It is a precambrian African ancient land mass. core part. The geological formations of each period are distributed from the edge of the basin to the center, including the Archean basement complex, the Permian-Triassic conglomerate, limestone and sandstone, the Jurassic Carlo sandstone, the Hongji and the modern sediments. The topography of the basin is high in the middle and low in the middle. In addition to the narrow gap in the southwest, the rest is all plateau mountains and the interior is plain.
“In this country, the ongoing war has caused millions of displaced people. They fled into the forest area and used the fire to burn the forest to open up the land. Planting crops, which puts great pressure on the forest ecology.” It is a tropical rainforest climate with high temperature and rain. The annual average temperature is 25-27 °C, and the annual precipitation is 1500-2000 mm. The tropical rain forest is widely distributed, and there are precious trees such as ebony , mahogany, ebony and rosewood. The soil is dominated by brick red soil and red soil
A major role in the fight against is climate change. Deforestation is one of the major causes of climate change. On the one hand, because fewer forests are less CO2 absorbed and trapped by these ecosystems, so more CO2 in the atmosphere. On the other hand, because of cutting trees, the forest industry releases CO2 stored by these trees. In the end, up to 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions are due to deforestation. It’s more than the entire transport sector.
The presidents of the seven Central African countries said on February 6, 2005 in Brazzaville , the capital of the Republic of Congo , that they will actively take measures to establish a regional organization to protect the species diversity of the Congo Basin. Cameroon President Biya , Gabonese President Bongo , Equatorial Guinean President Obiang , Chad President Derby, Congo (Kinshasa) President Kabi at the closing ceremony of the second session of the Central African Forest Ecosystem La, President of the Central African Republic Bozizé and Congo (Brazzaville) President Sassou signed a resolution committing to protect the biodiversity and its ecosystems in the Congo Basin.