Robert E

Robert E. Lee was among one of the greatest US military officers in the US army. He was also a West Point commandant and the legendary general of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He was born on January 19, 1807, in Stratford Virginia. Robert E. Lee even today is still known as the idol of the south. He was a very important part of the Civil War.
Lee had graduated second in his class from West Point in 1829. He had commissioned in the Corps of Engineers and had served as a captain under General Winfield Scott In the Mexican War. He there participated in the battles of Veracruz, Churubusco, and Chapultepec. Because of his braveness, he was declared the very best soldier ever seen in the field by General Scott. Robert was slightly injured in that war but earned three brevets to colonel.
In 1852 Lee was appointed the superintendent of West Point. Three years later he transferred to become a lieutenant colonel served in West Texas. Years later on April 20, 1861, when the outbreak of the American Civil War happened he resigned his commision and was appointed to be commander in chief of the military and naval forces of the state by Governor John Letcher. Lee then was soon later appointed a brigadier general, which is the highest rank then authorized. Very soon after appointed brigadier general, he was promoted to become a full general.
Once Lee became a general he went on to face General John Pope in the second Battle of Bull Run. He there defeated General John Pope. Then he went on to invade Maryland. Lee had a lot of determination. He was not going to let anyone, nor anything stop him. Lee held on and was willing to fight on the same field another day, even after the bloodiest day of the entire war.
Robert E. Lee had gone on to defeat many other battles during the war. One of his greatest battles ever fought was the defeat of Joseph Hooker at Chancellorsville on May 1-4, 1863. He had made the decision yet again to divide and conquer. This was known as Lee’s “perfect battle”. Robert made a risky but yet very smart decision to divide his army in the presence of a much larger enemy force, but it paid off and resulted in a victory.
Later on, after Lee had invaded the North, he was once more attacked in Gettysburg. He there insisted on the Pickett’s Charge. This was known as a massed infantry assault across a wide plain, and cost the South a lot. Robert had failed on recognizing that improved weapons have a huge effect. For, example the rifle that had replaced the musket in the Union army had made attacks hopeless.
The American Civil War officially ended on April 9, 1865. On this day, Confederate General Robert E. Lee formally surrendered to Union leader Ulysses S. Grant. He signed the surrender at Appomattox Court House in the afternoon. Grant was very good about the terms. He allowed Lee’s men to go home immediately. They were allowed to retain possession of their sidearms, and enlisted men who owned horses could keep them to assist in feeding their families over the winter. Grant even arranged for 25,000 rations to be given to the starving Confederate troops after learning that Lee’s men had run out several days prior. Lee had accepted these terms and gave a small fast speech to his men the next day. Some Confederate troops remained in the field, but the war was officially declared over, on April 9, 1865.
Later on, after the war had ended Robert E. Lee became president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia. Lee had applied to have his citizen restore but the application was not found until 1970. Unfortunately by that time Lee had died in Lexington of heart disease on October 12, 1870.
Lee was responsible for the most famous defeats suffered by Union armies, including the Seven Days Battles, Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Cold Harbor. He was known as the hero of the South. Robert E.Lee had a lot of strength and guidance and counted on it in hard times. He had made a lot of contributions to the war and had a huge significance.