Meta cog nit iv e R e a din g R e p ort # _

Meta cog nit iv e R e a din g R e p ort # _
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Nam e:
? ??Pe na lo sa
??, F lo re en K e e ch S .
?______ S e ctio n:_
?A13
?_____
Date :
?Nov. 1 1, 2 018
? ______
 
Sc ie nc e , T e chno lo g y a nd S o cie ty
 

G E N E R A L I N S T R U C T I O N S
 
?   ?   ?   ?   ?   ?   ?  
BEFO RE
 
CO M PLE TIN G T H IS
 
ASSESSM EN T,
 
PLE A SE R EA D A LL
 
OF T H E
 
IN STR U C TIO NS
 
TH O RO UG HLY
 
AND C AREFU LLY .
  FO LLO W T H E
 
IN STR U C TIO NS
.   RES P O ND T O
 
TH E
 
REQ UIR EM EN TS
 
OF T H E T A SK .
  ANSW ER
 
IN E SSA Y
 
FO RM .
  MRR S H O ULD
 
BE
 
TY PEW RIT TE N
    REV IE W
 
YO UR
 
WORK
 
BEFO RE
 
SU BM IT TIN
G IT .
  DO N O T
 
PLA G IA RIZ E !
   
 
PLA G IA RIS M IS
 
A M AJO R
 
OFFE N SE T H A T
 
LE A DS T O
 
EX PU LS IO N.
 
 
 
___Is S c ie nc e D ang ero us? __
 
To p ic /L e sso n
 
 

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1.
What
did
Lew is
mea n
when
he
sta te d
th at
“relia b le
sc ie n tif ic
know le d ge
is
valu e-f r ee

an d h as n o m ora l o r e th ic a l v alu e” ( p . 1 254)

Scie n ce
pro vid es
us
unders ta n din g
an d
ex pla n ati o n
of
how
th e
world
work s.
Such
know le d ge

dis c o vere d
by
sc ie n ti s t
does
not
re q uir e
a sta n d
on
valu es.
Mora ls
an d
sc ie n ce
hav e
th eir
very

ow n
sp aces,
whic h
to uch es
one
an oth er
how ev er
do
not
merg e
to geth er.
They
can
acq uir e

fa cts a n d e x pla n atio n b y s e p ara tin g t h eir s u bje ctiv e o pin io n o n m atte rs .

2.
Why
is
th e
co n fla tio n
of
sc ie n ce
an d
te ch nolo gy
a se r io u s
pro b le m
acco rd in g
to

Wolp ert?

The
purp ose
of
sc ie n ce
is
to
ex pla in
an d
unders ta n d
how
th e
world
woks.
Scie n ce
alo ne
is
not

dan gero us.
Unders ta n din g
th e
natu re
an d
dev elo pm en t
of
sc ie n ti f ic
know le d ge
co m es
fro m

th e
basic
hum an
cu rio sity
an d
wonder.
Dan ger
in
sc ie n ce
can
only
aris e
wit h
th e
ap plic atio n

of
te ch nolo gy,
fo r
ex am ple
in ven tin g
a nucle a r
bom b
th at
co uld
destr o y
an
en tir e
city
or

gen etic a lly
en gin eere d
vir u se s
an d
th at
is
a se rio u s
pro b le m .
If
sc ie n tis ts
an d

en gin eers
are
not
ca u tio u s
wit h
th eir
in ven tio n s,
th ey
ca n
ob li t e ra te
man kin d
in
a
bli n k.

3.
How
is
th e
so cia l
re sp on sib ili t y
of
sc ie n tis t
dis tin ct
fr o m
th ose
of
ord in ary
cit iz en s?
Cit e

tw o s p ecif ic s it u atio n s w here t h is d is tin ctio n b eco m e a p paren t?

The
fir s t
re sp onsib ility
of
a sc ie n ti s ts
is
to
en su re
data
an d
in te rp re ta tio ns
are
ac cu ra te
fo r
th e

re aso n
th at
th is
re se arc h
wil l
co ntr ib ute
to
th e
know le d ge
of
ea ch
in div id ual.
While
ord in ary

citiz en s
who
gath ere d
th e
know le d ge
fr o m
th e
dis se m in ate d
re se arc h
fr o m
sc ie n ti s ts ,
only

hav e
to
ed ucate
oth er
peo ple
ab out
it .
They
no
lo nger
hav e
to
mak e
mult ip le
ex perim en ts
to

co nfir m
if
th e
th eo ry
is
accu ra te .
Sec o nd,
it
is
th e
sc ie n tis ts
re sp onsib il ity
to
cre ate
in ven tio ns

fo r t h e b ette rm en t o f t h e s o cie ty .

 

4.
How i s e u gen ic s a c la ss ic e x am ple o f t h e p erv ersio n o f s c ie n tif ic k now le d ge?

Eugen ic s
had
cau se d
horr ib le
ab use s.
Man y
of
th e
sc ie n ti s t
had
been
mis g uid ed
an d
blin ded

by
th eir
am bitio n
to
im pro ve
th e
gen eti c
co m positio n
of
hum an
ra ce
to
th e
poin t
th at
it

neg le cte d
th at
basic
hum an
rig hts
of
in div id uals .
Eugen ic s
hav e
ch an ged
to day ,
it
is
now
use

to r e p air d am ag ed g en es r e la te d t o d is e a se o r o th er h ealth c o nditio ns.

5.
Why d oes W olp er t c la im t h at a ll s c ie n ce i s e sse n tia lly r ed uctio n is t?

Wolp ert
cla im ed
th at
all
sc ie n ce
is
esse n tia lly
re d uctio nis t
bec au se
all
co m ple x
matte rs
an d

th eo rie s e x pla in in g h ow t h e u niv ers e w ork s i s n ow m ad e s im ple r a n d e asie r t o c o m pre h en d.

6.
Why i s t h ere a n ee d t o e n co u ra ge o rd in ary c it iz en s t o l e a rn m ore a b ou t s c ie n ce?

Ord in ary
citiz en s
nee d
to
le arn
more
ab out
sc ie n ce
bec au se
it
is
ess e n tia l.
Scie n ce
is

ev ery w here ,
it
giv es
motiv ati o n
to
ev ery one
to
fin d
out
how
certa in
obje ct
or
liv in g
th in gs

work
an d
gain
bette r
unders ta n din g
of
th e
world .
Scie n ce
als o
help s
th e
im pro vem en t
of

dia le ct, c u ltu re , l o gic , a n d c riti c a l t h in kin g a b ilitie s o f a n i n div id ual.