Mental Health Addiction and Policy Agenda

Mental Health Addiction and Policy Agenda.
Introduction.
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) of the USA has covered three prime aspects: increase access to health cover, shield patients against random arrangements by insurance firms, and make health care less expensive. A country should have a response, care, and treatment scheme that is well structured and synchronized. Policy ought to enquire from the public what is indispensable to live the lives they please, and then backing them to get there (Beronio et al., 2014). In the old system, people with mental illnesses were manacled, neglected, and otherwise overlooked. However, various agencies remain to fight to guarantee access to treatment; advanced the quality of treatment; lessen confinement, and discrimination. In due course, the system moves towards an improved mode where people are treated with respect and promote early intervention to improve psychological well-being. The Obamacare Act which as designed as a tool of social justice has helped a lot in making mental health treatment more affordable, accessible, enhancing equity.

Policy Overview.
In the year 2010, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was made into law under the headship of the former leader Barrack Obama. Its implementation started in January 2014. The Act stretched cover to an additional 30 million uninsured underprivileged Americans. The reforms were done by increasing Medicaid and providing state subventions to help low- and middle-income Americans purchase private insurances (Beronio et al., 2014). Additionally, all states with Medicaid programs offer psychological health amenities, while others give addicton treatment to the citizens. The services comprise rehabilitation, medication administration, caseworker services, support groups, and substance abuse therapy.
The policy serves a lot of purposes. The patients can easily access outpatient care services and also different medications at an affordable price. Under the law insurance firms will be required to cover mental or behavioral health services. Also, services such as medication and psychoanalysis are available in some areas. Additionally, different people are now able to access emergency care services, and insurance companies will also meet hospitalization costs. In addition to that, the policy recommends prevention and wellness services where the public adopts healthy living styles hence prevent diseases (Heintzman et al., 2017). Preventive measures are an essential aspect since the illnesses can be prevented or detected early enough thus higher chances of recovery. Also, the act provides for pediatric care, laboratory services, maternal and newborn care. Therefore, the policy covers all round health services at a subsidized rate.
Policy Analysis.
Access.
Affordable Care Act improves access to psychological care by giving persons suffering from a mental ailment the chance to get inexpensive health insurance. Also, adding psychological healthiness and addiction treatment services in the packages sold by insurance firms improves curative care access. Many previous studies have scrutinized the connection between insurance coverage and access to health care. Nearly all have found that individuals with health insurance, be it Medicaid or personal coverage, have better admittance to amenities. (Heintzman et al., 2017). The number of low- and middle-income people who skip mental health treatment has sharply declined. The decline is because people can now easily access screening for mental ailments, counseling, psychiatric attention, and even hospitalization. Among all income groups, there was substantial improvement such as the increase in people reporting to a regular health care center and a reduction in unfulfilled needs due to the price of care.
Before the implementation of the act, many people diagnosed with mental illness were not able to reach standard care since insuring corporations rejected them or made them pay higher premiums due to their preexisting sickness. The law prohibits any insurance company from dismissing anyone or increasing charges based on their current health status. Besides, people who had long-lasting illnesses don’t have to burden themselves about their insurers rejecting them, which mostly was the case before. Due to the pressure Obamacare put on insurance companies they are now covering screening as a preventive measure. Eventually, this cuts the number of patients that get sick afterward (Wallace et al., 2014).
Affordability
Substance use disorder (SUD) is a crucial public health matter in America, mainly due to the rampant use of opioid. For the country to meet the needs of the patients, it is paramount for insurers to cover the full series treatment The ACA provides better access to treatment through coverage extensions, requiring coverage in already existing insurance plans, and offering addiction treatments at the same level with medical and surgical procedures. Therefore, it allows the stakeholders to address substance use ailments and particularly the opioid epidemic.
The ACA makes health care inexpensive. One way is by offering subsidized coverage for folks who are uninsured and controlling health care expenses by shifting how people pay for medical services. Health indemnification is provided to some subgroups who are uninsured, so that they can obtain care with a favorable insurance rate, instead of paying the full price for the services offered. Parents are also allowed to add dependents up to age 26 to their plans (Wallace et al., 2014). Additionally, health insurance firms will no longer be able to reject customers coverage due to preexisting ailments. The government will offer the resources needed to low-income families to empower them to acquire health insurance. However, the public disagrees on using more taxpayer cash to decrease the rate of uninsured people.
Equity
A parents’ insurance can shelter a grown person of up to 26 years. The country has taken a big step towards the fight against addiction because of a large number of those addicted fall on this age group. The act also prohibits insurers from rejecting persons with preexisting conditions (Wen et al., 2017). Precisely, insurance firms can no longer deprive those already receiving treatment for addiction to opioid coverage. Consequently, it has intensely enlarged coverage for addiction treatment. However, the patients deal with challenges such as limited mental health specialists. Some have to wait for more than a month to get an appointment with a psychiatrist.
Dissimilarities in curative care quality are prevalent in America. The policy therefore was deliberate to increase coverage and convey a newfangled phase of medical care availability. In spite of improving affordability and access especially for poor and minority groups, its general influence was less compared to the disparities experienced before the regulation. A number of people in the USA remain uncovered and considerable discrepancies in admittance due to finances, gender discrimination, and racism continue. Before the Act implementation, some women who tried to buy a health plan on their own were denied coverage due to various reason. They were charged higher percentages or had specific diseases omitted from their programs.
Social Justice
The Affordable Care Act (ACA)was a tool designed to fight social injustice. It is an initiative to deliver health insurance coverage for poor, uninsured adults. The sparse population has an inadequate health care system, and the government felt the need to improve the status of its people. In the same country, some people enjoy great medical care. The program pursues to redress these inequalities by endorsing impartiality through extended coverage regardless of one’s financial status. The initiative can offer coverage to around 18 million underprivileged Americans including those who have behavioral health problems. Hence, Medicaid Expansion holds a firm position in the bid to improve behavioral healthcare.
It is impossible to equalize health care inequality bearing in mind the concept of social disadvantage. Social disadvantage discusses those circumstances some people systematically tolerate based on their position within a social ladder. The social problem could be due to lack of power, low income, occupation and level of education. Health disparities impact disadvantaged groups by putting them at higher risk for indigent health care. Consequently, this generates a condition where getting over the social disadvantage is problematic (Wen et al., 2017).
Conclusion
In conclusion, the ACA has completely changed the lives of underprivileged Americans. It addresses the core issues in the health sector. Health care is now more affordable and easily accessible. As a result, healthcare discrepancies between the underprivileged and other citizens has reduced considerably . The reforms have helped to address the various social injustices in the community. The framework has discussed adequately mental health care. Any patients can easily get treatment due to good coverage by multiple insurance plans. Also, the coverage on preexisting conditions has helped improve the number of citizens that can be registered and benefit under an insurance plan. All these factors have contributed to the advanced quality of health care Americans receive. Although the Obamacare program is designed to help the less privileged, some people are not yet insured.

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