“Makers: Women who make America” is produced and directed by Barak Goodman. This video has three parts that are very important to history. The first part is “Awakening”. It tells how women started making changes in the 1950s and 1960s. It shows women’s unified response to Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique. She wrote this book in 1963. Kathrine Switzer, who was a college student at the time, challenged and ran the Boston Marathon. The man in charge of the marathon tried to stop her from participating. Other men in the marathon helped her. So, she completed the marathon. The Boston Marathon blocked women. I remember reading Judy Blume books when I was younger. So, it fascinated me that she was in this video. She stated how women “went to college, in case God forbid they had to go to work.” (Makers, 2013)
In the 1950s and 1960s, it wasn’t acceptable for a woman to do “a man’s job.” Gloria Steinem discussed how, “You were supposed to be pretty and happy all the time.” When World War two happened, women found work in factories. Men were fighting the war. “Changing the world” is the second part of this film. It shows how the sexual revolution started and when abortion rights came to fruition in the 1970s.
“Charting a New Course” is the third part of this film. It shows the issues that women fought against. They fought for workplace equality, to hinder violence against women, the Clarence Thomas Supreme Court nomination and sexual harassment in the 1980s and 1990s. These videos helped me to
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grasp the inequalities of gender and sexual orientation. Women were oppressed for a long time. Men will still be paid more than women for the same job. Men still will take over politics and public life (Henslin, 2017). Sociologists weren’t always the minority. Women were oppressed and publicly discriminated against, for the simple fact, they are women. It is upsetting that men thought a woman’s purpose was to stay home and take care of the children while the man worked. They believed women had no business working and was to just to bear children, clean the house, cook, be happy, not go to college, and not work. Some were physically abused daily. Still, to this day, women are still not completely looked at the same as men.
Women took to the streets and higher-ups their subjective concerns. It was known as an objective condition. It changed into a social problem. Sexism was fought by the Women’s Rights Movement which sparked a revolution. Sexism is defined as thinking one sex is better than the other and discrimination does result from this. According to Marvin Harris (1977), he believed that a male’s superiority in society “has continuously existed throughout the entire globe from the earliest times to the present.” (Henslin, 2017). Gerda Lerner, in 1986, agreed and told how women, even in a group, “don’t have the power to make decisions over a man’s.” Women were not treated fairly in Politics and Legalities, Education, Economic, and Social. Women were hindered from accepting duty on a jury or office. Women had jobs that were and still are supervised by men. Women get unequal pay, promotions, and responsibilities. Women didn’t really have freedoms at all. It takes me back to the “Stepford Wives” film. They were almost comparable to Robots. Women were supposed to dress and speak a certain way. Women were to have impeccable, feminine manners, and to be happy. Women weren’t to show any moodiness. Men who abused their wives got away with it. If a woman wanted to
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report it, she was told she wouldn’t be believed and they would ridicule those that had the courage to report horrendous, violent acts.
Those that are symbolic interactionists believe that sex is biological. Gender is learned and social. Personally, I don’t believe males are better than females or vice-versa. Both genders have the same abilities and women can be just as competitive. According to Henslin, “women earn 57 percent of all bachelor’s degrees” (Statistical Abstract, 2013). I also learned that “3 million women are enrolled in college and they get 57 percent of the bachelor’s degrees and 60 percent of the master’s degrees.” (Henslin, 2017). These are social and intellectual changes. Women have a say when they vote, and it matters. They fought for that right. Women’s voices and words are just as credible as a man’s. It is not just my hope, but others, that a woman will be president one day. Women will continue to fight for equality.