i) Law Issue: The existing constitutions or laws were not developed with the concept of artificial intelligence in mind. So there no very specific laws for robotics or artificial intelligent services. However, it does not mean that the robots or artificial intelligent services are beyond rules and regulations. All the AI based products or services are regulated by laws. As suggested by Brad Smith, Chief Legal Officer at Microsoft, “Governments must balance support for innovation with the need to ensure consumer safety by holding the makers of AI systems responsible for harm caused by unreasonable practices”.
But in the case of human labors corporation can take actions according to the law. Because there are very specific and clear laws and constitutions for humans. Human labors are strictly regulated. So if they do any unethical activity, action can be taken easily against them based on the existing laws. But if the robot labors perform any mistake or failure, it will be very complicated to take action against it, because in the end it is a machine.
ii) Security Issue: Security is a major issue for corporations. In case of the replacement of the human labors by artificial intelligence product the security will be no longer in human’s hand. It will be handed over to artificial intelligent system and then it will be known as cyber security. And when a corporation or company is under cyber security it becomes a matter of concern because there had occurred many incidents regarding cyber security. The hackers or the cyber thief can take part in cyber crime and crack into the corporation security system and steal away valuable info’s or even money. There has been recorded many cyber robbery all over the world. For example- A robbery of $1billionwas reported in banks from Russia, Europe and china in 2015 and half billion was stolen from the crypto currency exchange of Coincheck. Though artificial intelligence can ensure the security of the company from vulnerabilities but it can also be used as a tool for hackers break into any organizations in different and sophisticated way.
iii) Responsibility Issue:
Now we are living in a world where robots or artificial intelligence are starting to take care of those things that humans are used to do it. For example- medical procedures, transactions, e-commerce activities and also the military actions. The robotics are given more responsibilities than humans, and this a matter of concern. Because the robots only work according to its programmed orders which is given by humans. So, in case there comes a situation which is not programmed in the robot, the robot will fail take decision and work properly. But a human can take decisions no matter what the situation is. For example: A robot is given orders to wipe out ‘cancer’ from a country or particular area. The order is given to wipe out the cancer disease but not given how to wipe it out. So, if the robots kill all the cancer affected people, according his system it will correct but ultimately it is wrong.
Robots are undoubtedly more efficient than humans. But in term of sense of responsibility robot cannot ever defeat human. Because robots are only a human programmed machine nothing else. Whereas, humans have emotions and also sense of responsibility, the can cope up with any situation. Robotics is type of functional machines created for the assistance of humans not to lead humans. Robotics are just a tool, so should give authority over humans and also do not depend on them.
iv) Privacy Issue: When the debate is between the human labors and robotics then privacy is a major issue. Nowadays people use robotics to keep maintains their corporation’s privacy. But as we all know robots process all of their activities through electronic data. That is why the corporation keeps their information in electronic form so that the robot ca access those and also can maintain privacy. But there is a saying that, “No digital info is 100% secured’ because there is always a way to crack it. And there have occurred such situation. There was news of Cambridge Analytica scandal, where 87 million face book profiles were stolen and used to influence the US election and Brexit campaign. So, privacy on the hand of artificial intelligence (AI) is not fully secured. It can be misused so the corporations should be aware of these. But we can rely on human labors regarding the corporation privacy issue.
v) Economical Issue: As we all know that our economic system is based on compensation for contribution to the economy. Mostly assessed by using an hourly wage of the workers. The majority of industries are still dependent on hourly based work when it comes to products and services. But with the use of robotic or droids, a company can drastically cut down the dependence on the human workforce. And this indicates that revenues will reach to only few people.
In the economy of UK, each additional robot reduces the employment of human workers by5 or 6 workers. The researchers predict that in near future the robots will have effect on almost every occupation. In the end, the individuals who own companies driven by artificial intelligence will make all the money. And the people of middle class and lower middle class with face a huge crisis socially and economically.
vi) Social Issue: The replacement of human workers by robotics is causing a huge impact on the society. We all know or at least suspect that the rate of taking over jobs of robotics is alarming. Though the use of robotics is helping us or making our time more efficiently but in the end they are taking over the jobs of human labors. And as a result, the company may be having great benefit but ultimately the society is facing unemployment issue, and this issue is created by those companies who are using robotics instead of humans. Moreover, the robotics are doing all the regular tasks for humans and because of that humans are getting useless. Human labors do not have any jobs and money. They are facing scarcity of their existence in the society. And in the long term the use of robotics will create a wide gap of wealth among the people. Rich people are going to be richer and the poor people going to be poorer. Because without job they won’t be able to make money for their livelihood. And this unemployment issue may lead them to commit crime. Because when people don’t have jobs to make money they must will find another way to make money which may be right or wrong.