Heinberg

Heinberg, Richard. “100% Renewable Energy: What We Can Do in 10 Years.”
Yes! Magazine, 22 February 2016,
https://www.yesmagazine.org/issues/life-after-oil/100-renewable-energy-what-we-can-do-in-10-years-20160222 . Accessed 27 October 2018.

In the article “100% Renewable Energy: What We Can Do in 10 Years,” Richard Heinberg writes about his goals and ideas on the transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy. Heinberg begins the article off by acknowledging the many difficulties in the transition. After acknowledging the obstacles, Heinberg explains his plan for achieving the change from fossil fuels to renewable energy. Heinberg’s plan is broken up into three levels, in level one he explains the easy tasks people can do in order to help start the transition. A simple task can be heating and cooling buildings with electric air-source heat pumps as opposed to using gas or oil-fueled furnaces. In level two, Heinberg writes about the harder tasks that can be done, he explains that while switching from gas powered cars to electric cars is a good way to help transition away from fossil fuels, the transportation sector will need expensive substitutions. As a solution, Heinberg suggests reducing the need for cars by increasing city and suburb density and reorienting them them to public transit, bicycling, and walking. At the end of level two, Heinberg shows a graph of the increasing use of non-renewable sources for energy from 1850 to 2000. In level three, Heinberg addresses the hardest tasks needed to be done for the transition. Heinberg points out the need for more research, investment, and behavioral adaptation. He states that a lot of construction is done with concrete, an ingredient for concrete is cement. In order to create cement high heat is required. Theoretically, sunlight, electricity, or hydrogen could be used to supply the high heat. However, that would require a redesign of the process.

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“Can Renewables Ever Replace Fossil Fuels 100%?” Debating Europe, 15 February 2017,
https://www.debatingeurope.eu/2017/02/15/can-renewables-ever-replace-fossil-fuels-100/#.W9UNJ2hKjIV. Accessed 27 October 2018.

The article, “Can Renewables Ever Replace Fossil Fuels 100%?,” begins by asking if a Europe that is powered completely by renewable energy is possible. The author answers the question by giving statistics on the increase of the EU’s energy consumption of renewable sources from 2005 to 2014. The author addresses the concerns of the slow progress in moving away from fossil fuels and that the countries that have moved away from fossil fuels have a smaller population and have significant hydroelectric resources. The author writes about his experience at an event that focused on how businesses are transitioning to renewable energy. The article includes a picture that displays statistics on renewable resources as well as some examples of renewables.

Wolfram, Gary. “Can We Replace Fossil Fuels By 2030?” The Detroit News, 11 May 2016,https://www.detroitnews.com/story/opinion/2016/05/11/can-replace-fossil-fuels/84254744/. Accessed 28 October 2018.

In the article, “Can We Replace Fossil Fuels By 2030?,” Gary Wolfram writes
about his doubts on the quick transition away from fossil fuels. Wolfram gives statistics about the U.S. electricity generation, stating that 33 percent of the generation is from coal, 33 percent from natural gas and 20 percent from nuclear and that although rising, only 13 percent is from renewable energy. Wolfram acknowledges the low cost of renewable energy such as solar energy. However, he then states that the price of oil and natural gas have also declined drastically due to the introduction of new technology. Wolfram proceeds by giving an estimate given by the International Energy Agency that states for 2040 alone, coal will produce 1.66 trillion kilowatt hours of electricity and natural gas will produce 1.198 trillion, whereas renewables will produce 805 billion.

Wolfram points out the flaws of wind and solar power while comparing their power output against the output of coal, nuclear, and natural gas. Wolfram ends the article by acknowledging the advancements in renewable energy sources, but he states that the lack of coal or oil in 15 years is unbelievable.

Articles Evidence Source? Reliability Topic Portrayal
Richard Heinberg Heinberg uses his compiled information to create an article to inform his audience about renewable energy and fossil fuels. Heinberg is a good reliable source because he is Senior Fellow of the Post Carbon Institute. He is also regarded as one of the world’s foremost advocates for a transition away from reliance on fossil fuels. Heinberg uses his compiled information to show his hopes and belief that renewable energy will replace fossil fuels.

Article 2 The author uses information from both sides of the argument with some personal input. The author can be a reliable source because of the use of statistics. As well as getting responses to the debate question from Vice-President of the European Commission and European Commissioner for Energy Union. The author of this article does not take any sides on the topic, but the author gives information and facts that tell about both sides of the debate.

Gary Wolfram Wolfram uses statistics to back up his views on the topic. Wolfram can be a reliable source because he uses statistics to back up his claims. Along with his statistics, he is also a Professor of Economics and Public Policy at Hillsdale College. Wolfram uses the statistics to and his information from events to support his claim that having renewable resources replace fossil fuels in the next 15 years is unbelievable.
After reading the three articles over whether or not renewable resources can replace fossil fuels as an energy source, the article that does not take either side has the better argument. I believe this article has the better argument because the author makes provides good information and statistics about both sides of the topic. I agree with the author because of his neutral stand on the topic. The author’s neutral stand on the topic is well defended by giving good information for each side. My opinion has not changed by reading these articles. When choosing this topic I already felt that renewable energy sources are coming a long way and they are a good and better source for energy. However, I also felt that despite their improvements they could not 100% replace fossil fuels. Although my opinion did not change, I have learned more information about the topic. In my opinion, the way to solve the issue is to persuade more people and businesses to choose more renewable sources for energy. If the business or person does not want to switch to renewables 100% then persuade them to at least use less fossil fuels by balancing the use of renewables and fossil fuels as opposed to using only fossil fuels.