Cleanliness is part of medical routines essential for the prevention of disease; it has an aesthetic foundation in the human love of order and beauty and the exercise of such on the body; and it has a moral dimension in perceptions of purity, that of the body in harmony with the soul. (Virginia Smith., 2007).
Sanitation is basically a hygienic disposal or recycling of waste. It also is considered as a practice that allows protection of health with the help of hygienic measures (UNESCO, 2003).
Five of the top killer diseases of children aged 1 – 4 years in rural areas are related to water and sanitation. There is economic loss of rupees 12 billion annually due to loss of man-days on account of diseases (Suri and Kalapana, 2008).
Public toilets should be seen as a core component of environmental design, adding to a city’s quality and viability (Greed, 2004).