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Also, the witness does not want to abuse unwritten codes of conduct among students by telling an authority figure what is happening. The witness may also think that intervening will not halt the bully’s actions or offer assistance to the victim. Prevention techniques include keeping up positive connections with teachers and avoiding unsupervised regions of the school or play area. In addition, utilizing humor to defuse tense interpersonal circumstances and having a potential victim “own” or recognize a bully’s pernicious statement can help reduce its perceived impact.
In a national survey of approximately 5,700 middle and high school students, 18.5% skipped school because of bullying at school, 10.3% skipped school because of online bullying, 79.5% had been bullied at school in a way that really affected their ability to learn and feel safe, and 60.8% had been bullied online in a way that also really affected their ability to learn and feel safe. In 2015, 2.75 million students in the U.S. stayed home from school because of bullying online (Gale Fig 1). Relational bullying is also a lesser known form but is one of the most common forms and can have more harming impacts than others. It causes hurt by pulverizing an individual’s peer connections and social status. Relational bullying is also referred to as indirect, social, or emotional bullying. Health-related quality of life may be a broader degree of a youthful person’s well-being which covers their physical, emotional, social, and behavioral functioning. It is critical that school anti-bullying arrangements include social bullying along with the more conventional forms. Raising mindfulness of what relational bullying is and how destructive it can be plays an imperative part in creating interventions for this behavior.
There are eleven stunning realities around bullying in America. Bullying has a negative influence on one in three American schoolchildren in grades sixth through tenth. Eighty-three percent of girls and seventy-nine percent of boys report experiencing harassment. Six out of ten teenagers say they witness bullying in school once a day. It is estimated that 160,000 children miss school every day due to fear of attack or intimidation by other students. Thirty-five percent of kids have been threatened online. Nearly nine out of ten LGBT youth reported being verbally harassed at school in the past year because of their sexual orientation (Business Insider Par 3).
In addition, bullies often go on to perpetrate violence later in life; forty percent of boys identified as bullies in grades sixth through ninth and had three or more arrests by the age of thirty. One of every ten students who dropout of school do so because of repeated bullying. Seventy-five percent of school shooting incidents have been linked to bullying and harassment. Sixty-four percent of children who were bullied did not report it. The last staggering fact is that nearly seventy percent of students think schools respond poorly to bullying (Business Insider Par 3). Schools have come under fire recently for not doing enough to prevent student suicides related to bullying in school. Some school districts are now paying services to track students on social media (Business Insider Par 5).
Grown-ups can be bullies, just as children and young people can be bullies. The objective of a grown-up bully is to pick up control over another individual, and make himself or herself the dominant person. There is a numerous amount of diverse sorts of grown-up bullies. A narcissistic adult bully is self-centered and does not share compassion with others. There is a small uneasiness about the results of his or her actions. He or she appears to feel great about himself or herself, but reality encompasses a delicate narcissism that requires putting others down. An impulsive adult bully is more unconstrained and does not put as much thought into the bullying. He or she has a hard time controlling the behavior. It may be inadvertent, coming about in periods of stress, or when the bully is disturbed or concerned about something not related to the victim.
A physical adult bully may harm or take a victim’s property, instead of physically standing up to the victim. A verbal adult bully may begin rumors about the victim, or utilize wry and disparaging dialect to overwhelm or mortify another individual. He or she also has the advantage of being troublesome to report. A secondary adult bully does not start the bullying, but joins in so that he or she does not end up becoming a victim. Secondary bullies may feel terrible about what they are doing, but are more concerned about the safety of themselves. Grown-up bullies were often either bullies as children, or bullied as children.
According to the website of the Cyberbullying Research Center, the phenomenon is defined as “willful and repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices.” Cyberbullying strategies can extend from sending harmful or debilitating messages through instant or text messaging to spreading rumors online or posting humiliating photographs or recordings online implied to taunt or mortify a classmate. A survey given in 2010 found that cyberbullying is a growing problem because of the increasing frequency with which students use the Internet and cell phones to do homework and socialize (Prosecuting Cyberbullies Par 5). Critics of indicting cyberbullies say that criminalizing online behavior might encroach on people’s First Amendment right to free articulation. There are three distinctive types of cyberbullying. Cyber harassment is repetitive pernicious emails, text messages, or instant messages. Imitation is when cyberbullies pretend to be their victims online to give the person a bad eminence. Cyber denigration happens when a cyberbully spreads defamatory or unfaithful data about someone online, or posts a humiliating or modified photo of that person.
The rise of social networking locales such as MySpace and Facebook, and the prevalent video-sharing site Youtube, however, have given cyberbullies with more popular formats that make it easier to carry on this behavior . Cyberbullying may permit the individual to act namelessly. Bonnie Rochman wrote, “Internet culture, with its avatars and screen names, can cultivate a sense of anonymity that allows people- especially teens who lack the biological ability to consistently predict the consequences of their actions- to get in ways they wouldn’t face to face (Prosecuting Cyberbullies Par 13).” A conventional bully could be able to humiliate his or her victim before some other schoolmates. A cyberbully, because of the wide reach of the Internet, has the capacity to mortify his or her targets before thousands or even millions of watchers. Victims of conventional bullying at school can more often than not discover peace at home. Cyberbullies are in a position where they can annoy their victims however and whenever they want.
Marlene Sandstrom, a psychology professor at Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts, wrote that cyberbullies’ ability “to attack their targets even after their actual physical contact ends…makes it hard for victims to find a safe haven. Walking away from the perpetrator, avoiding contact, or finding a protective ally…no longer does the trick (Prosecuting Cyberbullies Par 15).” Co Directors of the Cyberbullying Research Center, Sameer Hinduja and Justin Patchin wrote, “Parents often say that they don’t have the technical skills to keep up with their kids’ online behavior; teachers are afraid to intervene in behaviors that often occur away from school; law enforcement is hesitant to get involved unless there is clear evidence of a crime or a significant threat to someone’s physical safety (Prosecuting Cyberbullies Par 21) .” In 2008, Representative Linda Sanchez introduced the Megan Meier Cyberbullying Prevention Act in the House (Prosecuting Cyberbullies Par 25). If the bill passed, any electronic communication implied to “coerce, scare, bug, or cause significant enthusiastic trouble to a person” would be a crime under government law.
Representative Sanchez, who sponsored the Megan Meier Cyberbullying Prevention Act, wrote in the Huffington Post, “Rather than build character, bullying can cause children to become anxious, fearful, unhappy, and even cause them to be physically sick. A young person exposed to repeated, severe and hostile bullying online is deserving of protections because bullying puts them at risk for depression and suicide…We have laws criminalizing stalking, sexual harassment, identity theft, and more when it takes place in person and online. All of these actions have consequences. But there is one serious online offense that has no penalty-cyberbullying. (Prosecuting Cyberbullies Par 31 & 34)” Specialists have encouraged parents and guardians to become more educated about the websites and new innovations that frequently characterize much of their children’s social lives. Specialists also stress that parents and guardians talk with their children about abstaining from cyberbullying and reprimand it when others commit it.
According to the website cyberbullyhelp.com, parents should “set up guidelines for appropriate use for each new piece of technology that is brought into the home” (Prosecuting Cyberbullies Par 45). It is also advised that schools incorporate into their educational programs on suitable “netiquette”- the aware and considerate treatment of others online. Youtube, a video-sharing site, has presented an apparatus called the “Abuse and Safety Center,” which permits watchers to report unseemly recording, including those posted by students implied to taunt their classmates. MySpace permits parents and guardians to flag abused and is creating innovations that will be able to recognize and erase unseemly postings, such as hate speech, even before they are reported.
In February 2018, nineteen year old Nikolas Cruz stormed a Florida high school with an AR-15 semiautomatic rifle, killing seventeen people and harming fourteen others in the largest mass school shooting since 2012’s Sandy Hook Elementary massacre. An estimated one to 10 million bullied students within the U.S. actually go on a shooting rampage (Newsweek Par 3). The word “bullied” is consistently circulated in wake of a shooting. About seventy-one percent of school shooters felt “persecuted, bullied, threatened, attacked or injured” leading up to their rampage, according to Secret Service data. Bullied high-schoolers are also more than twice as likely to bring guns or knives to school as their non-bullied peers (Newsweek Par 10). There are more than 25 million middle and high school students in America. More than a quarter report being bullied and an estimated 200,000 bring some type of weapon to school over the course of a month (Newsweek Par 18).
Bullying should not be an obstacle that a person has to worry about facing every day of his or her life. Bullying is a worldwide issue that can start with something small but turn into something major and life changing. A person should never be a bully towards any human being no matter the race, gender, or nationality because we never know what someone is going through and that little or big action could be what pushes him or her over the edge.