3533775409575It is also a time of cognitive changes

3533775409575It is also a time of cognitive changes. Teenagers begin to think of new opportunities and consider abstract concepts such as love, fear and freedom. Unfortunately, teenagers have a feeling of invulnerability that increases risk of death from accident or contracting sexually transmitted infection that can have consequences for the rest of life.

If cognitive needs are well understood, then adolescents will learn to think about abstract concepts and to consider multiple opportunities and identities at once.

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This very active time for formal education at schools and colleges, the choice of a possible profession could be made. If cognitive development reaches a high level, then the problems of identification of personality are solved more simply.

0It is also a time of cognitive changes. Teenagers begin to think of new opportunities and consider abstract concepts such as love, fear and freedom. Unfortunately, teenagers have a feeling of invulnerability that increases risk of death from accident or contracting sexually transmitted infection that can have consequences for the rest of life.

If cognitive needs are well understood, then adolescents will learn to think about abstract concepts and to consider multiple opportunities and identities at once.

This very active time for formal education at schools and colleges, the choice of a possible profession could be made. If cognitive development reaches a high level, then the problems of identification of personality are solved more simply.

left426720Adolescence is a period of dramatic physical changes. In childhood, if the necessary physical needs are satisfied, then at adolescence the body continues to grow and there comes the sexual maturation known as puberty.

The typical age of puberty is from 12 to 18 years.
Also, like in childhood, the basic physical needs are good nutrition, 8 hours of sleep and a lot of physical activity. Food rich in vitamin and minerals is necessary to increase muscle bulk and growth of bones.

Puberty includes the main physiological changes in the individual growth of the body, weight, gender characteristics, blood circulation and respiratory system. All these changes are very strongly influenced by hormonal activity.

0Adolescence is a period of dramatic physical changes. In childhood, if the necessary physical needs are satisfied, then at adolescence the body continues to grow and there comes the sexual maturation known as puberty.

The typical age of puberty is from 12 to 18 years.
Also, like in childhood, the basic physical needs are good nutrition, 8 hours of sleep and a lot of physical activity. Food rich in vitamin and minerals is necessary to increase muscle bulk and growth of bones.

Puberty includes the main physiological changes in the individual growth of the body, weight, gender characteristics, blood circulation and respiratory system. All these changes are very strongly influenced by hormonal activity.

Adolescence
35337753325495There are significant differences between cultures. In the industrial world, teens are expected to attend school from elementary to post-secondary. Such activity separates adolescents from their family and allows to form the peer groups and create their own youth culture.

During this period of life, social responsibility, sexual expression and belief-system strongly vary from the cultural environment which surrounds a teenager. The cultural traditions existing in family are already insufficient. The teenager looks for new cultural tendency at school, the Internet and other religions.

Adolescents form for themselves a unique belief system through interaction with their social and cultural environment.

The influence of a cultural environment can have both positive and negative impacts on adolescent development.

0There are significant differences between cultures. In the industrial world, teens are expected to attend school from elementary to post-secondary. Such activity separates adolescents from their family and allows to form the peer groups and create their own youth culture.

During this period of life, social responsibility, sexual expression and belief-system strongly vary from the cultural environment which surrounds a teenager. The cultural traditions existing in family are already insufficient. The teenager looks for new cultural tendency at school, the Internet and other religions.

Adolescents form for themselves a unique belief system through interaction with their social and cultural environment.

The influence of a cultural environment can have both positive and negative impacts on adolescent development.

-9525285115Adolescence is the period in life for formation of personal and social identity. The adolescent wants to investigate, test limits, to gain independence and commit to an identity or sense of self.

If social needs have been met appropriately, the adolescent will have good communication with parents and peers. Members of the social sphere of the teenager play an important role in the formation of the personality.

As adolescents work to form their identities, they pull away from their parents, and the peer group becomes very important; despite this, relationships with parents still play a significant role in identity formation.

0Adolescence is the period in life for formation of personal and social identity. The adolescent wants to investigate, test limits, to gain independence and commit to an identity or sense of self.

If social needs have been met appropriately, the adolescent will have good communication with parents and peers. Members of the social sphere of the teenager play an important role in the formation of the personality.

As adolescents work to form their identities, they pull away from their parents, and the peer group becomes very important; despite this, relationships with parents still play a significant role in identity formation.

476253421380Change of level of certain neurotransmitters (such as dopamine and serotonin) influences the way that teenagers experience emotions, usually making them more sensitive to a stress. Adolescent can show very strong feelings and intense emotions, and their behaviour seems unpredictable.

At this stage of lifespan teenagers should develop a certain emotional intelligence and consciousness. Teenagers already better understood the emotions of other people, but still they can sometimes misread facial expressions or body language.

Emotional needs of adolescents can be met in several ways. Teenagers need to gain some independence, it is necessary to give freedom to make certain decisions. Creation of the atmosphere for respectful communication and discussion of the decision which was made by a teenager is better than, for example, parents decide what they should wear or to what music they should listen. Emotional state during childhood will influence development during puberty. Teenagers will feel the need for approval of their actions, desire to be heard and to receive forgiveness for their wrong behaviours.
00Change of level of certain neurotransmitters (such as dopamine and serotonin) influences the way that teenagers experience emotions, usually making them more sensitive to a stress. Adolescent can show very strong feelings and intense emotions, and their behaviour seems unpredictable.

At this stage of lifespan teenagers should develop a certain emotional intelligence and consciousness. Teenagers already better understood the emotions of other people, but still they can sometimes misread facial expressions or body language.

Emotional needs of adolescents can be met in several ways. Teenagers need to gain some independence, it is necessary to give freedom to make certain decisions. Creation of the atmosphere for respectful communication and discussion of the decision which was made by a teenager is better than, for example, parents decide what they should wear or to what music they should listen. Emotional state during childhood will influence development during puberty. Teenagers will feel the need for approval of their actions, desire to be heard and to receive forgiveness for their wrong behaviours.

Adulthood
952586995Early Adulthood
The age of 20’s and 30’s can be roughly understood as early adulthood. This is a time when the person is at a physiological peak, at the same time very high risk to be involved in violent crimes and drug abuse.

This time to be focused on the future, to put much energy on receiving a good profession. It is important to earn the status of the full adult in the eyes of people around. The family, the birth of children and work become the main objectives at this stage of life.

0Early Adulthood
The age of 20’s and 30’s can be roughly understood as early adulthood. This is a time when the person is at a physiological peak, at the same time very high risk to be involved in violent crimes and drug abuse.

This time to be focused on the future, to put much energy on receiving a good profession. It is important to earn the status of the full adult in the eyes of people around. The family, the birth of children and work become the main objectives at this stage of life.

374332558420Middle Adulthood
Age after 30’s through the mid-sixties is possible to call middle adulthood.

During this period of lifespan ageing, which began earlier becomes more noticeable. However, many people are at the peak of efficiency in love and work. It may be a period of gaining expertise in specific fields, and the person understands the problems and finds solutions more effectively. It can also be a time to become more realistic concerning opportunities in life, finding balance in between reality and fiction.

0Middle Adulthood
Age after 30’s through the mid-sixties is possible to call middle adulthood.

During this period of lifespan ageing, which began earlier becomes more noticeable. However, many people are at the peak of efficiency in love and work. It may be a period of gaining expertise in specific fields, and the person understands the problems and finds solutions more effectively. It can also be a time to become more realistic concerning opportunities in life, finding balance in between reality and fiction.

38576253116581Cognitive changes in these periods of adulthood reach peak approximately at the age of 35, and then slowly die away to in later adulthood. Researches showed that the active intellectual training and self-education could support the work of a brain at the highest level and create the best potential opportunities for productive cognitive activity.

00Cognitive changes in these periods of adulthood reach peak approximately at the age of 35, and then slowly die away to in later adulthood. Researches showed that the active intellectual training and self-education could support the work of a brain at the highest level and create the best potential opportunities for productive cognitive activity.

5334003097530As we age, the body undergoes physical changes. Age changes are based on many factors. Biological factors, such as molecular and cellular changes are called primary ageing. Ageing that occurs due to controllable factors, such as bad diet, lack of sleep (insomnia), lack of physical activity, is called secondary ageing.

00As we age, the body undergoes physical changes. Age changes are based on many factors. Biological factors, such as molecular and cellular changes are called primary ageing. Ageing that occurs due to controllable factors, such as bad diet, lack of sleep (insomnia), lack of physical activity, is called secondary ageing.

15049502569210There are many theories of the social and emotional aspect of ageing. The needs of the social and cultural activity increase. At this age, people usually gain sufficient financial stability, and there is an opportunity to travel, to learn cultures and customs other than the western sociological societies.

One of the theories tells (Vaillant, 2009) “we need to have and continue to find meaning throughout our lives”.
00There are many theories of the social and emotional aspect of ageing. The needs of the social and cultural activity increase. At this age, people usually gain sufficient financial stability, and there is an opportunity to travel, to learn cultures and customs other than the western sociological societies.

One of the theories tells (Vaillant, 2009) “we need to have and continue to find meaning throughout our lives”.

Late Adulthood
The late adulthood period for the last 100 years increased, especially in industrially developed countries. We have established out how to battle against diseases which were seen as incurable early. The education level of people grew, we are now more understand about “healthy lifestyle”. The social area of the supporter and service for older adults was created.
However, physiological laws of life remained invariable.

Adults gradually grow older. They become physically helpless. Their vision and hearing worsen, the physical mobility vanishes, serious physiological and mental diseases develop.

The late adulthood is sometimes subdivided into two categories, such as “young old” (people between 65 and 79) of an “old old” (those who are 80 and older).
One of the primary conflicts between these groups is, the fact that “young old” is very alike to “middle adulthood stage”. These people still work, are still relatively healthy and still interested in a productive and active way of life. “Old old” are less dynamic and productive, but the majority still live independently.

The risk of developing diseases, such as atherosclerosis, cancer, and cerebral and vascular diseases significantly increases in this age group. Housing questions, (for example, moving to care home), health care and increase in life expectancy are only some of the subjects which are of interest to this age group. To estimate a variety of people in old age, it is better to be beyond chronological age and examine whether a person is experiencing: optimal aging (perfect health for their age, also continue to have active, interesting lives), the normal aging (in which changes are similar to the majority physiological and psychological changes inherent in people of the same age), or impaired aging (elderly having serious physical illnesses).