1215 Magna Carta
The Spanish followed plantations and mining, but the English followed two different patterns of settlement that were plantations in Chesapeake and Carolinas and family farms in New England and Middle Colonies. For the Spanish colonists, it continued to mistreat Indians as the Spanish Empire expanded in the Americas. The Spanish were seeking for gold that was the most important reason for their colonist, and they used the way of the violence to get everything they wanted by killing Indians. Indians usually involved a lot of killing, disease and forced conversions. However, for the English Colonists, it cruel treatment Indians because they desired to exploit Indians’ resources. The religion of the Spanish and English had a same religion in the New World. Both the Spanish and English introduced Christianity to Natives, and tried to convert them with education, particularly to the young.
1584 Hakluyt’s A Discourse Concerning Western Planting
The expansion of the British empire affected the freedoms of native Americans, the Irish, and even many English citizens when the Europeans arrived in America and began to colonize the area, the Indians were displaced and began to rely on European goods to survive. The Irish were abused and discriminated against. The English citizens were used for labor, to become colonists, and to farm.
1585 Roanoke Island settlement
The English and Indian conceptions of Land and ownership. This want for land by the settlers, made them treat the men with land with more esteem. Men with lands weren’t made slaves and this made Land the basis of liberty. Soon the settlers took over unoccupied lands and occupied land, and they went to purchase land from the Indians. Settlers who owned lands and Indians who kept the ownership of their lands were free and allowed to vote. This describes the power of land as the basis of liberty for the English settlers. Before the coming of the English settlers, the Indian perspective to land had always been a collective one. A view that embraced collective ownership of land by members of the Indian community. The Indians believed, unlike the English settlers, that their land was given to them by The Great Spirit with a mandate to take care of it.
1607 Jamestown established
The main contour of English colonization in the seventeenth century was Virginia Company (private business) funded Jamestown early 1600s.
The obstacles English settlers in the Chesapeake overcome is the colony’s (tobacco producing) leadership changed repeatedly, its inhabitants suffered a high death rate, and (with company seeking a fast profit) supplies from England proved insufficient.
The economy, government and household structure differ in New England and the Chesapeake colonies, because it was men only at first and women didn’t come until later. It was a disaster, a huge quantity of population died. Was headed back when a ship carrying a new governor, supplies, and settlers came and convinced them to turn around. Virginia company realized it needed to be a society to thrive, and it convinced people to go by offering land if you could afford the trip to America.
1619 First Africans arrive in Virginia
1620 Pilgrims found Plymouth
Around 180,000 migrated to North America. English settlers came as indentured servants, who voluntarily surrendered their freedom for a specific time in exchange for passage to America. They believed the land was the basis of liberty. The main reason why English emigrated to America was because economic conditions in England were so terrible. It was also the social crisis with economic growth unable to keep pace with the needs of population that grew from 3 million on 1550 to about 4 million in 1600. The English were looking for a liberty and a freedom and to stay away of economic instability in Europe commonly.
1622 Uprising led by Opechancanough against Virginia
When it became clear to Indians that Europeans were permanently staying and not just establishing a trading post, problems rised. Powhatan’s successor, Opechancanough, led a surprise attack on the Virginia’s settlers. The surviving colonists organized into military bands and burned the Indian village.
1624 Virginia becomes first royal colony
The development of Virginia created the House of Burgesses: hardly a democracy, but its creation established a political precedent that all English colonies would eventually follow – only landowners could vote – the appointed governor retained the right to veto any measure the body adopted.
1630s Great Migration to New England
What made English settlers distinctive is the rise of a new social order based around Puritans (who were something like extreme Christians). These were the people who burnt people at the stake because of witchcraft or similar ideas.
1630 Massachusetts Bay Colony founded
1632 Maryland founded
The development of Maryland was an agrarian economy. Maryland was set up by Lord Baltimore to become a religious refuge, since there was a need for a location for Catholic settlers to go to worship with less interference.
1636 Roger Williams banished from Massachusetts to Rhode Island
The main sources discord in early New England was the disruptive religious relations with Native Americans. The language difference and the constant wars between the Natives and Puritans caused them to have a bad relationship with each other.
The New England and Chesapeake colonies had totally different political, economic and social. The religions were between the puritans and separatist puritan. During that time, the king of British thought religious must be united and imposed people to follow the religion that the king thought it was the standard. The new king Charles decided the name of unity religious was the Church. The Church was controlling the economic and political of New England. A group of people believed in the freedom of religion and speech. They thought no one should impose others to change faith and religious. People had right to choose their faith and religious, and the leader of this group people was Roger Williams.
1637 Anne Hutchinson placed on trail in Massachusetts
1636-1637 Pequot War
1639 Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
1641 Body of Liberties
The tobacco economy inserted the Chesapeake colonies into the Atlantic World Trade when it started to become popular, and the colonies wanted tobacco to be imported across the Atlantic. It integrated into the greater Atlantic trade, which caused an increase in slavery.
1642-1651 English Civil War
During the English Civil War, England left the colonies for 20 years. It created the Colonies, as many simply fled the violence to get closer to their view of God. Those who came for the gold died out (first Virginia settlements) whereas as those who came for God truly did by the grace of God survive (the Pilgrims).
The events and aftermath of the English civil war demonstrate the English colonies in North America were part of a larger Atlantic community by the middle of seventeenth century, several English colonies existed along the Atlantic coast of North America. Economic, politic and social structures were established in the Atlantic world. The seeds had been planted, in the Chesapeake, for the development of plantation societies based on unfree labor, and in New England, for arrivers centered on small towns and family farms. The colonies and many residents enjoyed freedoms they didn’t have at home, for example the access to land and the right to worship as settlers desired.
1649 Maryland adopts an Act Concerning Religion
1662 Puritans’ Half-Way Covenant
1691 Virginia outlaws English-Indian marriages